Ingredients of Soaps and Detergents
- Surfactants (30-70%)
- Plasticizers and binders (20-50%)
- Lather enhancers (0-5%)
- Fillers and binders (5-30%)
- Water (5-12%)
- Fragrance (0-3.0%)
- Opacifying agents (0-0.3%)
- Dyes and pigments (less than 1%)
Properties & Functions of Soaps IngredientsAll the detergent ingredients impart different properties and functions to soaps and detergents. There are certain other specific ingredients that are added in specialty soaps and detergents depending on the action or characteristics desired in the end product. For example, toilet soaps may contain antimicrobial agents to kill or inhibit bacteria which can cause odor or disease. Some other personal cleaning products may be made using abrasives for removing stubborn greasy dirt.
Glycerin is added as an ingredient of soap as an emollient and texture enhancer in personal cleaning products, especially moisturizing soaps or beauty soaps. Sorbitol is another emollient, which is used along with glycerin to help make glycerin soaps more transparent. For making an opaque toilet soap, titanium dioxide can be added to it.
Bleaches, detergent boosters, fillers and builders are laundry cleaning agents that are added to enhance the effectiveness of laundry detergents and soaps and provide special attributes and functions to these laundry cleaning products. The laundry cleaning agents brighten and whiten fabrics and help remove the stubborn stains. These laundry detergent ingredients also convert the soils into colorless, soluble particles which can be removed by detergents and are carried away in the wash water.